0 but I had a similar problem where the temp gauge would constantly change and eventually get too hot and my problem was the heater control valve, which is plastic and in Arizona, dry heat they don't last long. I f your PX Ranger is overheating towing up long steep hills it may be your vicious fan coupling not engaging properly. Did all that plus new oil cooler and new inter-cooler two weeks earlier. Ford 302 overheating I have an aluminum radiator and an electric fan. I’ve been reading with some interest about the differential overheating issues being experienced by the PP1 and PP2 cars. Not at all was this the case on our last trip. An overheating truck is an early warning sign of permanent damage to come if not properly addressed and fixed. Then as speed goes down to 40mph I go to second gear. ), the radiator fan, or a failed thermostat. Overheating within a couple of miles of driving. overheatig under a load. overheating. 5 L V8 460 cid engine. Vegetation height and egg coloration differentially affect predation rate and overheating risk: an experimental test mimicking a ground-nesting bird. The engine is a Ford 460 with 14,000 original miles. The 351W has a dog leg cooling passage, which must be. V8, Enplans eller tvåplansinsug, vilket skall jag välja?. Car Overheating. ” Inside Look: The engineering behind the Mustang R-Spec. The 2001 Ford Focus has 5 problems reported for overheating. overheating 3 Answers. It turned out that the water pump impeller was loose on the shaft. Well, if the sand is insulating the block, it could contribute to overheating. A simple $20 fix can turn into a $5,000+ fix in a matter of miles, so it's important to limit driving to an extreme minimum. Use a garden hose and flush both the condenser in front of the radiator and the radiator. Sorry but your mechanic is guessing. Ford Escape Overheating. I'm having overheating problems with his ford 1700 tractor. I have a 03 expedition eddie bauer 5. Our 2013 2. The local Ford dealer did it for me. The sender can be tested in hot water with a volt/ohmeter to determine if it is functioning correctly. I did have a cracked head, so I replaced it and installed both heads with Felpro gaskets. Org Page 1 of 2 - 99 LX Overheating - posted in Under the Hood: So here's one for you. Overheating on the Ford 4. A few times I could hear what sounded like bubbling coming from the radiator area. in may i brought a focus mk2 1. We understand that getting your car fixed or buying new tires can be overwhelming. The problem is strange because it suddenly happened, I even don't look to the temperature gave when I heard a strange noise while drivi. Or, the temperature sender(s) could be defective. Overheating is when the coolant leaves the cooling system. To function correctly, the engine temperature is controlled by water or chemical coolant. 0 with overheating issues. "It is important that affected customers not ignore this recall and contact their dealer as soon as possible. After another half-mile or so, the engine will start to overheat. The water pump, radiator and thermostat are brand spankin' new and coolant is not leaking from anywhere. 351C Cleveland overheating troubles and issues, The solution? Drilling steam holes to early Ford 289/302 block when using aluminum heads. Hi all, I am at a loss as to why my 5. Average repair cost is $510 at 81,000 miles. The other day we finally had time to work on the Galaxie and I parked my 64 Marauder next to it to compare how fast it warmed up and how hot it would get. Re: Ford 460 overheating by mike e: Sounds like its running pretty warm. In 30 or so years of working on cars, I've seen this twice, once on an old chevy and once on a Caddy. 160 thermostat, but same problem with or without. Issues with Ford's 1. 0L pushrod coolant leak and overheating was created by CoffeeMan OK, I'll start with a brief background: I was driving home and noticed the engine overheating about 1 mile from home, so i cranked the heat and that helped a little bit. I took it to a local garage. Owners of the Shelby GT350 today opened a class-action lawsuit against Ford over transmissions and differentials that allegedly overheat at high speeds (especially during track use), sending the. ” Inside Look: The engineering behind the Mustang R-Spec. What happens is that after stoppin for around 10 minutes the water starts leaking, but there is no high temperature indication until it lost around half the water, and then it indicates it's overheating. How Your Cooling System Works. hopefully will work and make me look like a dick as radiator has been recored, new water pump, gas looked at etc. 6 Triton Overheating was created by tylerreed It is overheating. Now, if the upper radiator hose is hot but the lower hose and the heater hoses are cold then try a new thermostat and see if the issue is repaired or not. Checked the coolant yesterday and couldn't see any in the radiator and the reservoir was dry. Ford Escape Overheating - You're seeking articles on our blog within the headline Ford Escape Overheating of choices of articles that we got. Live TV from 70+ channels. About 30 days later my Explorer started doing the same thing and so I. overheating - 1995 Ford Contour - RepairPal. 0 with 115000 miles, when I crank my car it will set there and idle for about 15- 20 minutes gradually the temp. This article applies to the Ford Super Duty (2004-2014) If your transmission is showing symptoms of overheating, you'll want to limit your driving to a bare minimum until it's properly fixed, otherwise too much damage will occur and you'll end up destroying the transmission. Average failure mileage is 90,950 miles. The overheating can ruin a trip. "I have a 2011 Ecoboost with max tow (35,000 miles) and I keep getting the dash lighting up for overheating when I tow up a grade. Started checking things and I noticed that there seemed to be quite a bit of "stuff" floating in the radiator. top off all the fluid and let it idle with the cap off. Hello fellow flexers. i have a F250 2006 v10. com overheating on 1995 Ford Contour. I pull over and wait for temp gauge to go back to middle. I would drive it a few miles and the temp gauge would peg out. In 30 or so years of working on cars, I've seen this twice, once on an old chevy and once on a Caddy. This has been superceded by Troubleshooting Automotive Overheating, but it's reveals some of the underlying thought that came before. The thermo gauge is moving into the red The radiator fan is working and a road side mechanic checked the coolant level and said it is fine. P1299 FORD Meaning Indicates an engine overheat condition was detected by the Cylinder Head Temperature (CHT) sensor. I had the clutch fan replaced during the fall and it seemed to fix the problem. hopefully will work and make me look like a dick as radiator has been recored, new water pump, gas looked at etc. In fact, I posted it here and got a lot of good ideas. Faulty thermostats, bad water pumps, low coolant levels, bad radiators, and blocked heater cores or hoses will also cause a car to overheat. need your thoughts what should I do first here, I couldn't find topics about P1299 here, so here is what happened. Changed the t/stat but still the same. Price was very cheap becuase owner said the head gasket was blown. I leave Merrit on the Okanagan Connector at 90 F and I do not hear any fan kicking in and I overheat. It seemed empty but filling it up again did not help either. Everything worked well prior to this problem. pan, look in the bottom of the pan and see if there are any metal filings or hard black pieces( fiber lining on clutches; definitly needs overhaul ) If it looks ok, Remove the lower trans line from the radiator, put a hose on it and. When you start it up it will run about 3 miles or so before it starts to go to Hot. Judge Moreno upheld the fraud-based claims and denied Ford’s motion to dismiss them. Ford Taurus Overheating. Average failure mileage is 90,950 miles. Car Overheating 4 Answers. I think the problem is solved. Overheating??? Let's Talk Drag Racing. Ford Focus (1998 - 2004) - 1999 1. There is nothing worse than trying something for the first time and having problems. 1998 Ford Explorer 2 door 4. It starts and sounds good but will not accelerate when I step on the gas and the overheated light is still on. hi everyone, Im new here and dont know alot about cars. The water and fuel pumps' head gaskets have been replaced, but still the overheating is occurring. My car is overheating, what causes this to happen? Ruth. ocassionaly it appears to overheat when towing a trailer. I have a 2000 Ford Explorer that has been overheating. I noticed he was looking at the dash as I had it idling. About a week ago, I noticed the thermostat gauge in my car fluctuates when I drive, it goes all the way up to red and then back to the middle. 1930 Ford Model A. I'm kinda thinking like Nelson--Check the timing. portable power pack that jumpstarts engines, powers phones on the worksite The “Ultimate” Ford F-150 Raptor is a supercharged custom build with 758 hp. If it's only overheating at idle, that is usually a sign the fan clutch is shot. the fact you are adding coolant indicates there is a problem - where that coolant is going will be the diagnostics - I am the guessing 'their compression' test references a cooling system pressure test, that is a good convenient test for system integrity BUT not a through check for - cooling fans operation, thermostat - head gasket- airflow - restricted radiator. If you overfill the oil tank, the "extra" oil will flow into the oil return line. Ford 460 overheating - BIG BLOCK FORD'S I have a Ford 460 out of a 1970 lincoln in my 1979 bronco. I would then wait about 5 min temp would be in the middle range and peg out in less than 30 sec when I would start it up again. com The Document World. 6 Ecoboost petrol engines after a number of cars had serious problems with overheating, which in some. Ford told them the cars were track ready, leaving out that the cars easily overheat. Pulled over, popped hood and saw some steam in the general area of the Resevoir. Yesterday evening while drving in local traffic, temp gauge went to full H. Water pump, cam belt, serpentine belt & thermostat were replaced with last service. On my 1966 4000, I discovered and repaired stripped insulation on the wires (under the dash hood/over gas tank) which were affecting the gauge and simulating maximum heat readings. Q: The engine is overheating. This year while changing the antifreeze I forgot to unscrew the bleeder valve, and car started to overheat. just leak out the siv once the bearings are shot. Non-clutch fans are simple and will cool well. I'm thinking I should post this thread in the OMC board, but I greatly respect the talent in this forum. so far its happened twice. Ford Mustang 1994-2004: Why is My Car Overheating? Not only is an overheating engine a major inconvenience that may leave you sitting on the side of the road, but it can wreak major damage to your engine and wallet alike if left untreated. Maybe this is the case with your 2013 Ford F-150 Limited SuperCrew EcoBoost 4×4 check out your 2013 Ford F-150 Limited SuperCrew EcoBoost 4×4 yourself you know what is the matter. I have a good friend who is computerless that has a very nice 30 Model A coupe that has a bad overheating problem. "It is important that affected customers not ignore this recall and contact their dealer as soon as possible. 6 still overheating after all of this!? I have a 2002 Ford F-150 that started overheating and it's got me stumped! I did a flush of the system as well as a new thermostat. The vehicle was towed to long lewis Ford (2091 alabama 14, pratville, al) to be diagnosed, but the cause of the failure was not determined. Before I turned 70 (6 years ago) I did all my own car repairs. 0T, Audi C7 S6, Audi C7 S7, Audi D4 A8 4. The spark plug gap for a 1979 Ford F-250 with a 400 engine is between 0. DIY How to: 1969 1970 electric headlight door actuator conversion. 99 3 liter Ford Ranger pickup truck keeps overheating. 6L modular engine in to their Ford Rangers. 74' Ford 2000 Overheating discussion in the Ford forum at Yesterday's Tractors. Probably just needs a new thermostat. Pulled over, popped hood and saw some steam in the general area of the Resevoir. Radiator was gone through at a radiator shop, timing and fuel mixture correct, engine good shape, all the obvious things checked. Ford 460 overheating: Andrew Stringer: 5-16-06 : I recently purchased a 1989 Coachmen with a Ford 460 engine on a John Deere Chassis. Ive heard of. If an alternator's voltage regulator is beginning to fail, or has failed, the alternator can begin to send too much voltage back to the battery, which in turn causes the battery to overheat. Why does a 1991 Ford Ranger keep overheating? There are alot of reasons why an engine may overheat but the most common is just a stuck thermostat. It also blew the return hose off the radator. On my way to pick her up I drove the D-10 about 14 miles, with a few rolling hills, but relatively flat. Still over heating bad when on the highway at about 65 mph. 0 is overheating when put under load. Well, if the sand is insulating the block, it could contribute to overheating. Ford Mustang GT 1996-2004: Why is My Car Overheating? An overheating engine is nothing to take lightly, especially with a Ford Mustang GT. Left alone, the liquid in the radiator eventually. I have a Ford 1600 tractor. In some cases your engine may be running fine, and may seem to be cured of its overheating problem except on extended drives or long sits in traffic. Overheating 351W at highway speeds It overheats when running at highway speeds, about 2800rpm, after about 15-20 minutes. SYMPTOM SUMMARY The engine overheats or boils over. Then it gets hotter. overheatig under a load. Message us now!! Website Link. if they are all good, there may be a blockage in your radiator or pipes to the raiator. It is overheating under fairly low load running on the freeway. The gauge will quickly peg out to hot but the engine is not hot at all. Overheating can be a car-killer and should never be taken lightly. Take a photo of your temperature gauge when it is in the red zone to show your Ford dealer. So, hopefully that means that it is not a head gasket issue. 2017 Ford F-150 Ecoboost Max Tow Overheating when towing up hills. 95 Ford Mustang 3. Looking for some troubleshooting advice. Triple, double, fpv,single din radio aftermarket radio fascias and ngagauge /turbosmart eboost gauge holders. That’s because an engine overheating will cause problems and even complete engine failure. 2 motor overheating causing the head gasket to blow out and causing the engine to "blow". Overheating is going to happen when it is over 100f with Antifreeze in the radiator. something has to be out of whack for it to be overheating this much thanks, steven leighty. then one day she was about to stall out again so I. i have a F250 2006 v10. If you take your foot off the for 8-10 seconds it will go back down. The cars were overheating - no coolant circulation. The only time the car begins to overheat is in traffic, when its left running for. I have a 2001 Ford Mustang, V6, 3. My wife has been afraid to go anywhere in my T Bird because of the intermittent overheating. Take it to your nearest Ford Dealer" Yes, take it to your dealer to get it fixed if there is a problem. ” Inside Look: The engineering behind the Mustang R-Spec. If left untreated, your engine may fail and lead to very expensive repairs!. Overheating can be caused by a variety of things, from an air bubble in your coolant or a blown fan fuse, to a bad head gasket or a warped engine head. 2016 Ford Explorer began overheating about a month ago. 2002 Ford Taurus SES - OVERHEATING ISSUES! Okay, so this is my 3rd post on my Ford Taurus's overheating issues. The cars were overheating - no coolant circulation. 0 titanium started to lose coolant about a week ago. It recently started having issues overheating, and I, as well as my mechanic, have been having a very difficult time trying to find the problem. this time however codes did remain in computer. We replaced water pump (pump froze up), thermostat (figured we'd replace it while we were in there and radiator cap. Ford Focus 1. 4 is overheating. Overheating ford courier 2. The placement of the new impeller has NOT corrected the problem. Some things to look out for are the radiator side tanks and thermostat. My 2002 Ford Focus started overheating yesterday. First: Is there enough coolant/antifreeze in the radiator? Don’t just look inside the plastic overflow bottle, but remove the radiator cap (when the. This article applies to the Ford F-250, F-350 Diesel (2005-2014). The sender can be tested in hot water with a volt/ohmeter to determine if it is functioning correctly. I have a 2001 ford taurus ohv with 190,000 miles and recently it has been overheating. I replaced the radiator, all hoses and radiator temparature sensor. They replaced the'stat again and told me that the Ford dealer had installed the replacement thermostat backwards. I was good for 3 days and it did it again. V8, Enplans eller tvåplansinsug, vilket skall jag välja?. When hooked onto a stock trailer with cows, or a GN flatbed with cargo, it starts to quickly overheat. Later the next day i noticed a leak from the bottom ra. Heater produces no heat. My wife has been afraid to go anywhere in my T Bird because of the intermittent overheating. not so much the ford 351) and that I. Overheating problems can potentially occur in any F-150 but are more likely to occur in older and less maintained versions of the truck. On his last pull it overheated and boiled as he pulled his trailer (6000 lbs loaded) up an access driveway. Continues to overheat with the heat gauge going up and blowing all fluids from radiator then return to normal. I'm disappointed Ford couldn't solve the problem and still managed to charge me over $2K to try. Subject: 370LE (Ford 460) engine overheating My 1989 370LE has been in and out of the shop all summer with a still-unsolved problem with engine overheating. There is nothing worse than trying something for the first time and having problems. But the modern engine has far less tolerance, with its aluminum blocks and, often, aluminum heads. So the fact that this happened is the last straw. It has been serviced regularly as scheduled every **k kms at either The Glen Ford, Fury Ford or Paul Maher Auto (PMA). Coolant Mix and Overheating. What happens is that after stoppin for around 10 minutes the water starts leaking, but there is no high temperature indication until it lost around half the water, and then it indicates it's overheating. overheating 3 Answers. - Answered by a verified Ford Mechanic. The Ford F-150 is a model of full-sized truck that is designed for towing and hauling high payloads. -----'73 Convertible, 351C 2V '91 LX Convertible 5. I have a Ford 601 Workmaster and every time use the Tractor for 11/2 to 2 hrs the Engine will overheat. If you overfill the oil tank, the "extra" oil will flow into the oil return line. I searched but I could not find what I was looking for. Live TV from 70+ channels. Ford will notify owners, and dealers will apply sealer and replace the steering gear motor bolts as required. (confirmed by mechanics at Pep Boys here) that there was no problem with the engine! It only overheated apparently once when my daughter drove it and had to wait in idle for a long period of time to cross the bridge into Canada…she immediately pulled over and. I f your PX Ranger is overheating towing up long steep hills it may be your vicious fan coupling not engaging properly. I assume your oil and oil level is fine. USUAL CAUSE The most common cause of an engine overheating condition is a defective thermostat. Verify the serpentine belt isn't missing. 5 L V8 460 cid engine. It getting fall now, do you live in the north or south. The reason i said air locked , is because i had this once on a car and it would over heat very quickly , wife had topped up with water and no put the cap on properly, i found that when i squeezed all the pipes , air bubbles appeared in the top up tank , resealed cap , by doing so i must had dislodged the trapped air and car was fine , its got to be worth a try before you start spending. The 2001 Ford Focus has 5 problems reported for overheating. "I have a 2011 Ecoboost with max tow (35,000 miles) and I keep getting the dash lighting up for overheating when I tow up a grade. Overheating within a couple of miles of driving. I have an 03 f150 that done the same thing and was told that it was the head gasket only later to find out that it was my water pump. But I don't know what to do. First: Is there enough coolant/antifreeze in the radiator? Don’t just look inside the plastic overflow bottle, but remove the radiator cap (when the. That would reduce water flow and certainly cause over-heating. No prior modifications to any engine/drive component. 95 Ford Mustang 3. also its about 30 degrees out right now and it was doing this last week around 10degrees F. Still no dice. Just bought a ford F-250 with an 8 cylinder gas 460 engine with 180,000 miles. I searched but I could not find what I was looking for. The temperature gauge reads higher than normal or the instrument panel "hot" light is illuminated. Started checking things and I noticed that there seemed to be quite a bit of "stuff" floating in the radiator. Q: I have 2010 Ford Figo 1. It overheated and lost power then died. Issues with Ford's 1. 2004 Ford Explorer 6 cyl Four Wheel Drive Automatic Hi dear : 2car pros ! I have one proplem in my car, all time working good no nathing and same tim stop in driving or barking coll and hot engine. It is overheating under fairly low load running on the freeway. Hi, recently I noticed my engine keeps overheating, oddly it doesnt happen gradually, I can be driving around for 10 minutes, ill stop and suddenly the engine temp shoots up, but then it will cool down again very quickly, which doesnt make any sense. The overheating only seems to occur when the car is accelerating or uphill. I looked in the resevoir last night and it was empty so I put about 3 quarts into it and the resevoir was about 3/4 full, but when I looked in the radiator I couldn't see any coolant down in there. The engine is a Ford 460 with 14,000 original miles. A year later, the car was overheating again and the electric fan was running all the time. Thermostat (4 days ago) Water Pump (today, the original one, look good, replaced anyway) Things checked The dipstick for the Oil, looks good, does NOT look milky. I knew immediatey from my first week with the car, the transmission seemed off, but Ford and everyone kept saying "it's normal", though I tend to believe otherwise. My 2002 Ford Focus started overheating yesterday. If the sand is in the water cavities of the block it is probably also in the pump and other lines. Water pump, cam belt, serpentine belt & thermostat were replaced with last service. It seemed empty but filling it up again did not help either. The car has been sitting for about 6 years , no problem before. I replaced the radiator, all hoses and radiator temparature sensor. Popped hood and noticed that my engine coolant was empty. I also noticed that the place where the antifreeze goes is clogged up with some brown stuff that looks exactly like peanut butter, same color & consistency. I noticed he was looking at the dash as I had it idling. May be your gauge is off and he can tell by the temp reading. A year later, the car was overheating again and the electric fan was running all the time. I have a 1991 Ford Ranger that has been overheating and Im looking for some helpHere is the story: About a month or so ago, i noticed the vehicle was a little hot but not overheating. so my 53 ford customline is running a 1973 302 and i cant stop it from overheating, it overheats while idling and driving it in 15 to 20mins, i changed out the water pump, all hoses, thermostat, radiator cap,got the radiator flushed at the radiator shop, timing is set at 10 btdc, new coolant temp gauge,no white smoke is coming out of the exhaust, what i did notice on my oil dipstick it has a. It sounded great when I ran it in the driveway on a pair of muffs, I took it out on the lake with 5 people and couldn't get it to plane out. I have an 03 f150 that done the same thing and was told that it was the head gasket only later to find out that it was my water pump. 8 overheating problem?. Overheating??? Let's Talk Drag Racing. Car Specifications: 2005 Fiesta LX Transmission: Manual Engine: Duratec 1. My 5 month old Ford Focus purchased from Coscharis shows "Transmission Overheating" while in traffic. I’ve been reading with some interest about the differential overheating issues being experienced by the PP1 and PP2 cars. Re: Ford 4000 Overheating or Guage issue May not be your problem, but very worthwhile to check for peace of mind. My Ford expedition is overheating, the radiator has been fixed, the thermostat has been replaced and then removed, the antifreeze level is fine, there are no leaks either outside or inside the engine, the cooling fan works fine. The car cannot go for more than 20KM then the temperature warning light. While driving on the highway it overheats most of the time but not all the time. I've replaced the radiator, thermostat, fan clutch and finally the water pump. What's left is the mixing elbow and exhaust system. My 2002 Ford Focus started overheating yesterday. Ford 460 overheating: Andrew Stringer: 5-16-06 : I recently purchased a 1989 Coachmen with a Ford 460 engine on a John Deere Chassis. I know very little about history of the engine as I purchased the bronco on ebay and they engine was in the truck when I bought, the PO stated it had a 351m and didn't even know the engine had been swapped. Sign up here! Hard as it is don't keep driving overheating engines unless your life depends on it. Continues to overheat with the heat gauge going up and blowing all fluids from radiator then return to normal. HOW TO WITH SAM. An overheating truck is an early warning sign of permanent damage to come if not properly addressed and fixed. my lincoln ls 2003 with v8 is currently in the ford shop with overheating problem! fourth time in the shop with this problem,prev times they said nothing wrong,no codes. 6-litre Ecoboost engines can cause them to fail and in some cases go up in flames, according to reports It claims that "localised overheating of the engine. the problem involves about 358,857 vehicles from the 2000-2002 model years and stems from. I don't see any signs of leaking anywhere near or under the car. Ford Focus Engine Overheating? Check the thermostat first. Thank you so very much for all this information. Car Overheating. I did replace the thermostat, water pump, and eventually had the heads checked. I have a 2001 Ford Mustang, V6, 3. 5L engine that Im having overheating issues. Still over heating bad when on the highway at about 65 mph. Overheats when rpm is over 3000 and I get a water flow alarm. However, your Mustang's thermostat should be the first item checked when there's overheating. To function correctly, the engine temperature is controlled by water or chemical coolant. My wife has been afraid to go anywhere in my T Bird because of the intermittent overheating. Baldwin City, KS: My 2004 250 with a 6. and the flow looks OK. so far its happened twice. The spark plug gap for a 1979 Ford F-250 with a 400 engine is between 0. ), the radiator fan, or a failed thermostat. Overheating issues of a 2001 Ford Taurus DOHC. The gauge will quickly peg out to hot but the engine is not hot at all. If the thermostat is “stuck” it can close off all coolant to the engine…thus overheating and no heater heat will result. 6 still overheating after all of this!? I have a 2002 Ford F-150 that started overheating and it's got me stumped! I did a flush of the system as well as a new thermostat. Stayed at 180 on the hwy and would creep up to 200 occasionally when we would be stopped in traffic. oldad wrote:Hi All, I have a 2001 Taurus LX that occasionally burps out coolant after diving (about an hour on freeway speeds). Another common mistake that causes overheating with these engines is a reversed head gasket on one of the heads. my 95 ford contour overheats when heater in on or off we replaced the thermostat but it still does it and the hoses are cold when 99 LX Overheating - Under the Hood - FordContour. Shady hit the nail on the head. Pulled over, popped hood and saw some steam in the general area of the Resevoir. I assume your oil and oil level is fine. The placement of the new impeller has NOT corrected the problem. 2010 Edge SEL. TDC- Top dead center, finding and setting timing. 5L EcoBoost Overheating Post by Siciliansteel » Fri Jun 24, 2016 9:19 pm Well, after having my 2014 F150 Ecoboost at the dealer three times for overheating, I finally decided to just get out of the truck. Hi all, I am at a loss as to why my 5. Car Overheating 4 Answers.